True peace is not merely the absence of tension, it is the presence of justice. Martin Luther King, Jr. Whenever you are in doubt, recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man. Gandhi Henceforth, our country should be the universe. Flora Tristan Two dangers constantly threaten the world: order and disorder. Paul Valéry *

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Pierre Calame
¤ This author's Web site: Fondation Charles Léopold Mayer pour le Progrès de l’Homme (FPH) ¤

President of the Charles Léopold Mayer Foundation
Switzerland-France


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Articles by this author in English

Environmental Governance and Managing the Earth

Rio+20: Failed Diplomacy, Feeble Democracy
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 18 July 2012
The Rio de Janeiro experience has left us with a planet-sized headache. It brought together tens of thousands of people and almost a hundred heads of state to adopt a 50-page, take-it-or-leave-it declaration that repeats commitments made long ago and not kept, taking care to include all the buzz words of a liturgy now emptied of all meaning: the role of women and civil society, rights, the importance of democracy and popular participation, not to mention indigenous people, some of whom were (...) read more

Managing Territories, Cities, and the Rural World

Territories: Paradigm Shifts That Need to Be Made for the Transition
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 11 March 2012
The following text is a summary of a number of proposals. It addresses only proposals for paradigm shifts, and not for the numerous improvements that could be made to the existing systems. A/ What is at stake for territories 1. The territory, a hub of relations and flows in a globalized system. Territories are objectively called to play a decisive role in designing and conducting the necessary transition. Whatever the subject, we discover that a city and a region are the best scale at (...) read more

Economic Governance and Globalization

Seven Leverage Points for the Passage from Economy to Œconomy
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 13 May 2011
The concept of leverage points is very well adapted for a coalition wanting to act in favor of the great transition. We need to identify some concrete issues which we think should have a strong leverage effect as it would imply changes in the whole system. And looking at what is the systemic change about, it would not be a surprise that these leverage points relate either to concepts or to actors or to the very tools which are used in present economy. Here are seven proposed leverage (...) read more

The New Roles of States and Territorial Scales

What Europe does the world need?
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 6 June 2010
We often find ourselves asking the question: what Europe do we want? The time may have come to look at the question the other way round, and ask ourselves: what Europe does the world need? Does the world even need Europe? It would be fair to say that today’s mood is one of disillusionment, and that the prospects for the European Union do not look very heartening. For its founding fathers, building the European Union was a major feat. They saw the Union as the means to move beyond the (...) read more

Citizens’ Reappropriation of Politics

Non-state Actors and World Governance
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
Non-state actors have always played an essential role in global regulation, but their role will grow considerably in this, the beginning of the twenty-first century. Non-state actors play a key role in world governance in different domains. For a better understanding and development of the role of non-state actors, this role should be studied in conjunction with the general principles of governance. A- Non-state actors have always played an essential role in global regulation, but (...) read more

Non-state Actors and World Governance

Summary
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
A- Non-state actors have always played an essential role in global regulation, but their role will grow considerably in this, the beginning of the twenty-first century. 1) Non-state actors have always been important in world governance. 2) Developments in the theory of governance places growing importance on the role of non-state actors at every level of regulation. 3) In the modern-day world, non-state actors face ever-increasing opportunities, which are often difficult for them to (...) read more

Non-state actors have always played an essential role in global regulation, but their role will grow considerably in this, the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Non-state actors have always been important in world governance

¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
The issue of the role of non-state actors in international regulation is not new, but with growing interdependency it takes on a new dimension. Throughout history, states have been far from being the drivers, and even less so the sole promoters of new international regulation. We could even go as far as to say that the conception of international action is determined and limited by the conception of the state itself. The model that emerged in Europe after the Renaissance, whose main (...) read more

The theory of governance places growing importance on the role of non-state actors at every level of regulation
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
In analyzing regulation implemented by societies to ensure their survival and long-term development – which is the basis of the general definition of governance – is it impossible to isolate what is happening on the world stage from what is happening at other levels. Their development derives from the same changes in social realities and ideologies. Therefore, no matter what the level of governance, a new vision has gradually come into being in the last fifty years: coproduction of public (...) read more

In the modern-day world, non-state actors face ever-increasing opportunities, which are often difficult for them to take up
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
Theories and institutions develop more slowly than economic, social and cultural realities. The implication of non-state actors such as companies, churches, associations and foundations, in the area of international regulations, is also forged from the diachrony between the evolution of ideas and institutions on the one hand, and the evolution of economic, cultural, social and ecological realities on the other. Our mind-set, in particular concerning politics and economics, is still based on (...) read more

Non-state actors, due to their vocation, size, flexibility, methods of organization and action, interact with states on a level playing field
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
Some non-state actors have an international vocation It is unrealistic to suggest that states have become, at international scale, entities without importance. Their strategies of power or defense, their capacity to build stable international agreements, their role in regulation enactment by adopting international norms, their capacity to invest in infrastructures and research, make them first-rate international players. However, in my opinion, it would be a mistake to consider non-state (...) read more

Non-state actors play a key role in governance in different domains
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
There are relatively few areas where non-state actors do not play an important role in international regulations. 1) Security and Defense At first glance, the fields of defense and security would not include non-state actors. Is this not a domain reserved for states? No, it is also a field for non-state actors; Al-Qaeda after September 11, despite their limited territorial sanctuaries, has imposed the terms for the new world defense policies. After the terrorist attacks in London 2005, (...) read more

For a better understanding and development of the role of non-state actors, the latter should be studied in conjunction with the general principles of governance.
A legitimacy based on objectives, values, and methods

¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
The question of legitimacy of non-state actors in governance has come up many times and it refers to the fact that regulations are public in nature. I previously stated that this idea is very simplistic. There are a certain number of facts which are undeniable. They are essentially related to international economy: in what way can the big corporations sitting in the World Business Council and Sustainable Development (WBCSD) justify their dictating the directives of global well-being; (...) read more

Elements of democracy and of world citizenship
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
It is impossible to speak about democracy and citizenship on a purely national scale. Democracy and citizenship should be exercised at the scale of real interdependencies as today our “oïkos”, our living space, is the planet. The question of democracy takes us therefore to the idea of global democracy, of global citizenship. At this level, state actors cannot teach non-state actors any lessons. State actors owe their election to the voters within a small constituency of the planet: their own (...) read more

The ability to design better institutional schemes
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
Some of the modes of action necessary for international governance such as the right to resort to force and taxation remain the monopoly of public power. In other cases, we must compare the efficiency and relevance of public and private regulation systems and agencies. These can be measured using a series of criteria: their ability to coordinate the means necessary for achieving set objectives, and therefore their ability to overcome the fragmented nature of both national and international (...) read more

The concept of governance regimes adapted to the different types of goods and services
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
Evoking the evolution of the theory of governance, I have already underlined the necessity to analyze public goods as the result of the associative co-production of the different parties involved. But it is also necessary to add that the nature of this co-production varies depending on the type of goods or public services: heavy infrastructures, health, Internet, education, protection of the seas and development of sustainable production outsourcing correspond to different models of (...) read more

Finding better articulations among scales of governance, from the local to the global
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
No modern world problem can be addressed on only one scale. Energy problems go from individual behavior to international negotiations. Healthcare issues go from eating habits to the international fight against AIDS or the main infectious diseases. Education pertains to the behavior of families regarding young children as it does to the International Organisation of Higher Education. Non-state actors, as previously explained on expertise, enjoy a considerable advantage in this respect as (...) read more

The Architecture of World Governance

For a Legitimate, Efficient, and Democratic Global Governance
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ January 2003
Interdependences among the world’s societies and between humankind and the biosphere have developed at an accelerated pace without the powers’ adapting their forms of organization to such change. Present global governance, based on relations among sovereign states, is not equipped to take up the challenges of today’s world and suffers from lack of legitimacy. The global village seems devoid of rules, cohesion, redistribution of resources, and justice, as if it only existed for the benefit of (...) read more

Redefining Global Governance to Meet the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 12 October 2001
The current system of governance is no longer adapted to the challenges of tomorrow’s world. Its architecture must be based on a new vision of the world and on universally acknowledged principles so that its legitimacy is accepted by all. The rudiments of global governance have been instituted in the course of the past 50 years. At the same time, however, interdependences among the world’s societies and between humankind and the biosphere began to develop at a much faster pace. Present (...) read more

For this author, you will find on this Web site 18 article(s) in English, 18 article(s) in Spanish, 20 article(s) in French, 3 article(s) in chinese.


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