Do what is right. Rosa Parks Two dangers constantly threaten the world: order and disorder. Paul Valéry True peace is not merely the absence of tension, it is the presence of justice. Martin Luther King, Jr. The world is for the public good, such is the Great Way. Confucius *

Theme: International institutions

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topics Territorial Representation ¤ Sustainable development goals ¤ Transports and communications ¤ Adaptation ¤ Agendas and roadmaps ¤ Agribusiness ¤ Agriculture ¤ Agroecology ¤ Alter-globalization ¤ Alterity ¤ Anarchism ¤ Arms industry ¤ Autocracy ¤ Autonomy ¤ Banks ¤ Basic needs ¤ Biodiversity ¤ Blue helmets ¤ Capitalism ¤ Cinema ¤ Cities ¤ Citizen movements ¤ Citizen participation ¤ Citizenship ¤ Civil disobedience ¤ Civilizational paradigms ¤ Climate changes ¤ Climate refugees ¤ Coercion ¤ Collegial governance ¤ Common Agenda ¤ Common but differentiated responsibilities ¤ Commons ¤ Complexity ¤ Conflict resolution ¤ Conformism ¤ Constitutional process ¤ Construction of narratives ¤ Consumption patterns ¤ Control of the market ¤ Cooperation ¤ Cooperative ¤ Corporate social responsibility ¤ Corporations ¤ Cosmopolitanism ¤ Cross-cultural relations ¤ Decent work ¤ Decentralization ¤ Degrowth ¤ Democratic globalization ¤ Democratization ¤ Diplomacy ¤ Direct democracy ¤ Disarmament ¤ Disaster management ¤ Discourse analysis ¤ Ecnomic diversity ¤ Eco-solidarity economy ¤ Ecological economics ¤ Economic globalization ¤ Economic justice ¤ Education ¤ Efficiency ¤ Electoral democracy ¤ Emancipation ¤ Empire ¤ Empowerment ¤ Energy governance ¤ Energy ¤ Environmental governance ¤ Equal dignity ¤ Equality ¤ ESC rights ¤ Ethics ¤ Ethics ¤ Evolution of the role of the state ¤ Extractivism ¤ Extraterritorial obligations ¤ Fighting poverty and inequalities ¤ Financial crisis ¤ Financial governance ¤ Financing the transition ¤ Fist nations ¤ Food security ¤ Food sovereignty ¤ food ¤ Forests ¤ Freedom of expression ¤ Friendship ¤ Future generations ¤ G8 + G20 ¤ Gender relations ¤ Global action ¤ Global civil society ¤ Global de facto powers ¤ Global democracy ¤ Global ethics ¤ Global finance ¤ Global identity ¤ Global knowledge ¤ Global law ¤ Global mobilization ¤ Global programme ¤ Global taxes ¤ Glocalization ¤ Green economy ¤ Health governance ¤ Health ¤ Health ¤ Horizontal relations ¤ Human responsibilities ¤ Human rights ¤ Human security ¤ Humanity-biosphere relationship ¤ Humankind ¤ Hunger ¤ Imperialism ¤ Indexes ¤ Indignados ¤ Individual commitment ¤ Information and Communication Technology ¤ Institutional Cooperation ¤ Institutional coordination ¤ Intellectual property ¤ Interdependence ¤ International financial institutions ¤ International institutions ¤ International Law ¤ International trade ¤ Internet Governance ¤ Justice ¤ Knowledge society ¤ Land grabbing ¤ Land management ¤ Land rights ¤ Law ¤ Legal infrastructure ¤ Legitimacy ¤ Living well ¤ Local development ¤ Low-carbon economy ¤ Market economy ¤ Media culture ¤ Media ¤ Media ¤ Meetings ¤ Migrations ¤ Military expenditure ¤ Millennium Development Goals ¤ Minority ¤ Mitigation ¤ Mobilization ¤ Money ¤ Multi-stakeholder processes ¤ Multidimensional crisis ¤ Multilateral agreement ¤ Multilateralism ¤ Natural resources ¤ Negotiation processes ¤ Neoliberalism ¤ New institutions ¤ Newly advanced economies ¤ Non-state actors ¤ North-South relations ¤ Nuclear ¤ Outer space ¤ Pachamama ¤ Pandemy ¤ Peace building ¤ Pensions ¤ Peoples’ assemblies ¤ Perspectives and scenarios ¤ Perspectives and scenarios ¤ Player networking ¤ Political innovation ¤ Polyarchy ¤ Power relations ¤ Precautionary principle ¤ Privatization ¤ Production sectors ¤ Productivism ¤ Property ¤ Psychology of leadership ¤ Public goods ¤ Public services ¤ Publiic policies ¤ Quality education ¤ Racism ¤ Rapid intervention force ¤ Redistribution ¤ Reducing emissions ¤ Reform of the UN ¤ Refugees ¤ Regional institutions ¤ Regional integration ¤ Religions ¤ Relocalization ¤ Responsibility to protect ¤ Responsibility ¤ Responsible science ¤ Ressentiment ¤ Right to food ¤ Right to housing ¤ Right to information ¤ Rights ¤ Rio+20 ¤ Risk management ¤ Role of regions ¤ Role of the armies ¤ Role of the experts ¤ Rural area ¤ Rural world ¤ Science and citizenship ¤ Science ¤ Self-organisation ¤ Sharing economy ¤ Small-scale farming ¤ Social and economic policies ¤ Social contract, charter ¤ Social innovation ¤ Social movements ¤ Social organisation ¤ Sociocultural diversity ¤ Solidarity patterns ¤ Solidarity ¤ Sovereignty ¤ Sovereignty ¤ Spirituality ¤ Sports ¤ Standards ¤ Strategy of chaos ¤ Subsidiarity ¤ Sustainable City ¤ Sustainable society ¤ System’s relevance ¤ Taxes ¤ Territorial management ¤ Territorial scales ¤ Territory ¤ Terrorism ¤ Time Management ¤ Trade unions ¤ Transitions ¤ Transnational Corporations ¤ Transparence, accountability ¤ Treaty, convention ¤ Ubuntu ¤ United Nations ¤ Unity-Diversity ¤ Values and principles ¤ Views on Global Governance ¤ Vulnerable group ¤ War ¤ Water ¤ Welfare society ¤ Westphalian system ¤ Work ¤ World citizenship ¤ World government ¤ World parliament ¤ World state ¤ World-governance building strategies ¤ WTO ¤ Harmony ¤ Constitution, Law ¤ Rights of Mother Earth ¤ Diplomacy ¤ Waste management ¤ Humanism ¤ Leviathan ¤ New educations ¤ Common security ¤ Nation state ¤ Federalism ¤ Geopolitics ¤ Violence management ¤ History ¤ Freedom ¤ Nationalism ¤ Rationalism ¤ Sovereignty ¤ Superpower ¤ Debt ¤ world-modernity ¤ Democratic cosmopolitarian movement ¤

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Articles in English related to this theme:


The Role of Armies, Disarmament, and Conversion

Europe needs a Grand Strategy
¤ Arnaud Blin ¤ 14 June 2015
Several weeks ago, Jean-Claude Juncker, the President of the European Commission, once again raised the idea of creating a European army. Arguing for the need to respond immediately to Putin’s affronts in Ukraine, Juncker went even further by underlining the effects that the construction of a common military structure could have on the future of Europe, on its security independence with regards to the United States, and on its capacity to project its heavy (...) read more


Legal Principles of a New World Governance

The Future of Democratic Sovereignty and Transnational Law
¤ Seyla Benhabib ¤ 8 September 2014
This essay examines the rise of legal cosmopolitanism in the period since the UDHR of 1948 as it gives rise to two very distinct sets of literature and preoccupations. The author argues that transnational human rights norms strengthen rather than weaken democratic sovereignty. read more

Fourteen misconceptions about extraterritorial human rights obligations
¤ Rolf Künnemann ¤ 26 July 2014
Human rights are the foundation of modern international law. in our days international and transnational economic and political decisions deeply affect the wellbeing of people far away from the respective decision makers. over the past 20 years some areas of international law have developed – often against broad protests of civil society activists - that are in conflict with human rights. For states – and the human rights community - to address these legal and (...) read more

Another System of International Relations
¤ Gustave Massiah ¤ October 2004
The current international system is forcing the adjustment of every society to adapt the global market and to its dominant logic; it is barring all paths to social transformation. The search for alternatives to the transformation of every society requires another international system. To move along in the definition of a strategy, the author proposes guidelines organized around two imperatives: a new global constitution founded on global democracy; a global social contract founded on the (...) read more

The Extraterritorial Scope of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
¤ Rolf Künnemann ¤ October 2001
While investigating the extraterritorial scope of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), this paper introduces the threefold classification of internal, external, and international obligations applicable to all Human Rights treaties. Moreover, it emphasizes that most Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) are duty-bound under Human Rights treaties and suggests steps to operationalize the related obligations of states. This paper looks at some relevant (...) read more


Citizens’ Reappropriation of Politics

Second Meeting of the China, Europe, and South America Dialog Group: Civil Societies Moving Forward for Change
¤ 5 July 2013
Dialog and coordination among the different actors around the planet are crucial for building democratic global governance. Despite the fact that for the moment there is more collaboration among grassroots, professional, trade, and cultural organizations from different parts of the globe, these do not always have as goal or intention to raise a common voice to fill the political vacuum left by globalization. The Tripartite Civil Society Organization (CSO) China, Europe, and South America (...) read more

Contesting Global Governance. Multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements
¤ Anne Marie Goetz, Jan Aart Scholte, Marc Williams, Robert O’Brien ¤ 15 March 2009
This study focuses on the relationship between multi-lateral economic institutions (MEIs) and global social movements (GSMs) as one aspect of a much wider global politics and governance structure. Where possible, other actors and their relationship to the objects of this study, has been also considered. Since the early 1980s there has been a gradual change in the functioning of key MEIs. Although the extent of this change has varied across institutions, the pattern of increasing engagement (...) read more

Alterglobalization, a Long-term Process Leading to Alternatives
¤ Francisco Whitaker Ferreira, Gustave Massiah, Jean-Marie Harribey, Susan George ¤ 14 April 2008
In this analysis of the alterglobalization movement, the authors underscore, on the one hand, the victories of this movement, barely 10 years old, and on the other hand the obstacles it still needs to overcome against those who own the capital and destroy human beings and the planet a little more each day. This editorial was published in the daily L’Humanité on January 21, 2007. Ten years after the emergence of the alterglobalization movement, how far have we gotten? We can claim two (...) read more

Can Civil Society Influence G8 Accountability?
¤ Peter I. Hajnal ¤ October 2007
This study outlines the mandate and activities of the Group of Eight (G8), examines for what and to whom the G8 is accountable, reviews the range and types of civil society groups interacting with the G8, and discusses how and to what extent this engagement has promoted or failed to promote G8 accountability through various actions: policy studies, evaluation and monitoring of commitments; petitions, lobbying, mobilisation and media campaigns; demonstrations and protests; dialogue; (...) read more

Civil Society’s Impact on the Multilateral Sphere: Lessons Learned and Future Directions
¤ Montréal International Forum ¤ 13 March 2007
This is a report of Forum International de Montréal’s (FIM) Annual Forum "Civil Society’s Impact on the Multilateral Sphere: Lessons Learned and Future Directions", held in March, 2007 in Montréal, Québec, Canada. Forum objectives were to: define the challenges and opportunities facing future Civil Society Organization/Non Governmental Organization (CSO/NGO) relations with multilateral bodies and systems; identify the present and emerging governance issues and priorities arising from these (...) read more

Global Democracy: Civil Society Visions and Strategies (G05) Conference Report
¤ Montréal International Forum ¤ 1 June 2005
Close to 400 participants from 45 countries gathered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from May 29 to June 1, 2005 for the Global Democracy: Civil Society Visions and Strategies (G05) Conference. Participants from civil society organizations—together with representatives of governments, private entities, and intergovernmental organizations— shared civil society perspectives on the key issues that determine the state of global democracy. They discussed how to democratize the international system of (...) read more


Document Database

After Rio+20: What New World Governance Does the World Need?
¤ Gustavo Marin ¤ 16 August 2012
There has already been a good deal of post-Rio+20 articles. A large majority of them have expressed discontentment, disappointment, the evidence of failure foretold, the inadequacy of the governments’ final declaration, etc. Some of these articles, digging deeper, have not stopped at establishing that the governments were not able to reach an agreement equal to the challenges of the major global problems and have gone on to mention that the Conference of the United Nations exposed a crisis (...) read more

Participate in the Drafting and Circulation of the Charter of the Peoples of the Earth
¤ Gustavo Marin ¤ 28 December 2011
The Peoples Summit at Rio+20 deserves a Charter to leave the stamp of a written “footprint” of the historical demands of those who will participate on site and from afar in this event. At every moment of history that has marked a big change, peoples have sought to express their visions of the future in a Carta Magna, Declarations, and/or Manifestos. The Charter of the Peoples of the Earth is inspired from the historical South African Freedom Charter, which was the banner of the (...) read more

Charter of the Peoples of the Earth
¤ Citizen Assemblies, FnWG Team ¤ 30 June 2011
First draft. January 2011 If you wish to contribute to the debate and enrich this Charter proposal, you can subscribe by writing to A Charter project to join the Peoples together and start a debate In these times of uncertainties and global challenges, it is imperative that citizens, the men and women who make up the endless mosaic of the Peoples of the World, can shape their own fate and together develop the values and principles that will guide the human adventure of the (...) read more

Inventing a New World Governance Now
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin ¤ 22 January 2009
After 2008, which revealed the huge financial imbalances connected to globalization, 2009 raised the curtain on the geopolitical instability characteristic of the contemporary world. The year 2008 came to a wretched end with the twofold Madoff-Bush debacle ensuing from the arrogance, incompetence, and blindness of the money mongers and politicians of the past 10 years. Already, 2009 has brought forth a conflict from another age, throwing us 60 years back with an umpteenth setback that, in a mere few weeks, has swept up thousand of victims, mostly civilians, in its (...) read more

World Governance. A Personal European View
¤ Michel Rocard ¤ 2 April 2008
There is no such thing as a formalized, official European view on the problems of global governance. But there is very likely a European cultural bias in the way most European citizens feel about this problem, and in the way the European nations have behaved collectively on these issues. The main European consensus turns around the fact that our planet is presently suffering from many threats. read more


Environmental Governance and Managing the Earth

Rio+20: Failed Diplomacy, Feeble Democracy
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 18 July 2012
The Rio de Janeiro experience has left us with a planet-sized headache. It brought together tens of thousands of people and almost a hundred heads of state to adopt a 50-page, take-it-or-leave-it declaration that repeats commitments made long ago and not kept, taking care to include all the buzz words of a liturgy now emptied of all meaning: the role of women and civil society, rights, the importance of democracy and popular participation, not to mention indigenous people, some of whom were (...) read more

Rio+20 and Beyond. No Future without Justice
¤ Civil Society Reflection Group on Global Development ¤ 22 January 2012
Over the last 20 years, little has been done to change patterns of production and consumption that pollute, erode biodiversity and lead to climate change, while commitments to human rights and gender justice have not been fulfilled. We are facing societal and ecological disaster. The State can respond quickly to this, if based on democratic legitimacy and accountability. In times of growing global interrelationship between societies, economies and people, universally agreed principles are (...) read more

The Challenge of Environmental Governance
¤ Germà Pelayo ¤ 3 December 2009
The United Nations Climate Summit (Copenhagen, December 7-18, 2009) is our last chance to obtain an indispensable agreement to renew and deepen the Kyoto Protocol, which runs to 2012 and has turned out to be insufficient to deal with the disastrous evolution of climate change, with environmental deterioration now worse, in some cases, than the most ominous forecasts. In the lead-up the summit, the heads of the main industrial powers, including for the first time China, have entered into a (...) read more

Global Environmental Governance: Elements of a Reform Agenda
¤ Adil Najam, Mihaela Papa, Nadaa Taiyab ¤ 14 May 2007
"Elements for a Reform Agenda" is the third and last chapter of the e-book "Global Environmental Governance: A Reform Agenda," published in 2006 by the International Institute on Sustainable Development. In this chapter, the authors suggest that there seems to be a consensus around five main goals in relation to global environmental governance (GEG): (1) leadership by outstanding and competent institutions commanding the respect and support of high-profile world leaders; (2) knowledge, (...) read more


Concepts

Environmental Governance
¤ Wikipedia ¤ 3 January 2011
(Also available at wikicoredem) Environmental governance is a concept in political ecology or environmental policy related to defining the elements needed to achieve sustainability. All human activities—political, social and economic—should be understood and managed as subsets of the environment and ecosystems. Governance includes not only government, but also business and civil society, and emphasizes whole system management. To capture this diverse range of dynamic forces, Environmental governance often necessitates founding alternative systems of governing, for example watershed based (...) read more

Global Governance
¤ Wikipedia ¤ 5 August 2009
(Also available at wikicoredem) Global governance is the political interaction of transnational actors aimed at solving problems that affect more than one state or region when there is no power of enforcing compliance. The question of world governance arises in the context of what is known as globalization. In response to the acceleration of interdependences on a worldwide scale, both between human societies and between humankind and the biosphere, world governance designates regulations intended for the global (...) read more


The Architecture of World Governance

The UN: Which Reforms for What Future?
¤ Stéphanie Ah Tchou ¤ 20 January 2009
The UN is currently under a lot of criticism. Upbraided and disparaged, the body that conveyed so much hope is now being berated. There is abundant literature on its subject, not to praise it but to point out its weaknesses, to the point of challenging its very existence. How did this come to happen? Is such reproach warranted? How should the UN be reformed? What is its future? Should it really be abolished? This file contains info sheets organized according to a number of different (...) read more

The UN and World Governance
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin ¤ 8 January 2009
Ever since it was established in the wake of World War II, the UN has asserted itself as one of the pillars of postwar world governance. It could even be said that at the institutional level, the United Nations constitutes the pillar of world governance: no other international organization comes anywhere near it in terms of size, legitimacy, and ambitions. Today, more than 60 years after it was set up, now that the long Cold War period is starting to become a distant memory and there is (...) read more

Rethinking Global Governance
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin ¤ 2 January 2008
After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, there are some who believe that the future of architecture of global politics will require setting up a global-governance system. The global-governance issue is characterized by the shift from a scenario where the power of the states is regulated to avoid disequilibrium and maintain the status quo, to one where international law and the role of international institutions need to be redefined in terms of their real arbitration potential in the (...) read more

Structure of Global Governance: Explaining the Organizational Design of Global Rulemaking Institutions
¤ Jonathan GS Koppell ¤ 1 March 2007
Global governance organizations (GGOs) create rules and regulations in a diverse array of policy domains from accounting to health to communications. This paper is part of a broader project considering the design and administration of such organizations. Specifically, the focus is on the structure of GGOs with attention to the scheme for representation of organization members and the bureaucracy charged with carrying out the organization’s activities. The relationship between key aspects of (...) read more

Dialogs on Party Systems and Global Democratization
¤ Katarina Sehm-Patomäki, Marko Ulvila ¤ February 2006
Within the framework of the NIGD project on global political parties and in order to facilitate the inclusion of voices outside the world of writing, the NIGD organized four dialogs encouraging discussions on political parties, democracy, and globalization. This Working Paper includes complete reports on the four dialogs, presentations of the Party Internationals, and selected background documents. In September 2005, the Network Institute for Global Democratization (NIGD) launched the (...) read more

The UN Reform and the Alterglobalization Movement
¤ Gustave Massiah ¤ 28 February 2005
The United Nations are at a crossroads. They have not really proven to be unworthy, they simply have not been at all convincing. Their reform is a critical issue, with several possible responses. For some, the United Nations should become the political system of neoliberal globalization. For the author, the issue is rather to define and to implement radical reform of the institution. The starting hypothesis is that the alterglobalization movement is the driving agent for broader alliances (...) read more

The Future of Global Governance
¤ Joseph E. Stiglitz ¤ 23 September 2004
The problems with global governance—and the consequences of these problems— today are becoming better understood. The closer integration of the countries of the world— globalization—has given risen to a greater need for collective action. Unfortunately, economic globalization has outpaced political globalization. We are just beginning to develop an international rule of law, and much of the ‘law’ that has developed—for instance the WTO rules governing international trade—are grossly unfair; they (...) read more

For a Legitimate, Efficient, and Democratic Global Governance
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ January 2003
Interdependences among the world’s societies and between humankind and the biosphere have developed at an accelerated pace without the powers’ adapting their forms of organization to such change. Present global governance, based on relations among sovereign states, is not equipped to take up the challenges of today’s world and suffers from lack of legitimacy. The global village seems devoid of rules, cohesion, redistribution of resources, and justice, as if it only existed for the benefit of (...) read more

Redefining Global Governance to Meet the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 12 October 2001
The current system of governance is no longer adapted to the challenges of tomorrow’s world. Its architecture must be based on a new vision of the world and on universally acknowledged principles so that its legitimacy is accepted by all. The rudiments of global governance have been instituted in the course of the past 50 years. At the same time, however, interdependences among the world’s societies and between humankind and the biosphere began to develop at a much faster pace. Present (...) read more


Political and Institutional Governance

Political and Institutional Governance
¤ Germà Pelayo ¤ 24 September 2008
This file contains a series of discussions and proposals formulated in recent years around the political and institutional dimension of global governance. They have been categorized according to four themes: the architecture of global governance; new roles of the state and territorial scales; reappropiation by citizens of politics; and legal principles for a new global governance. Globalization, in these first years of the twenty-first century, is an irreversible fact, consolidated in all (...) read more


Media and Internet Governance

Political Oversight of the ICANN: A Briefing for the WSIS Summit
¤ Internet Governance Project ¤ 14 April 2008
As the UN World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) approaches its final meeting, political oversight of Internet governance has become the paramount issue. It has also proven to be a politically charged and divisive issue, making it impossible for the 3rd Prepcom to reach an agreement. In this document we attempt to provide conceptual clarity on issues relating to political oversight. We first define political oversight and briefly assess why it might or might not be needed for (...) read more


Rebuilding the Environmental Balance

Expanding and Reinforcing the Objectives of the Kyoto Protocol: Inciting International Stakeholders to Engage in Greenhouse-gas Transparency
¤ World Team A. Youth Innovation Competition on Global Governance ¤ 14 July 2007
To face the inadequacies of the current approaches to the reduction of pollution and greenhouse-gas emissions, the establishment is proposed of a new institution, the International Emissions Organization (IEO). The IEO would bring together the various stakeholders in a concise framework streamlining the many existing and future initiatives. Complementary to current legislation and regulation, the IEO would need to be equipped with a number of tools, powers, governance mechanisms, and (...) read more


Regulating the Public and the Private Economy

Kicking the Habit: The World Bank and the IMF Are Still Addicted to Attaching Economic-policy Conditions to Aid
¤ Oxfam International ¤ November 2006
Despite numerous commitments to reform, The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) are still using their aid to make developing countries implement inappropriate economic policies, with the tacit approval of rich-country governments. These economic-policy conditions undermine national policy making, delay aid flows, and often fail to deliver for poor people. If the world is to make poverty history, this practice must be stopped. Aid must be conditional on being spent (...) read more

The IMF, the World Bank, and Respect of Human Rights
¤ Eric Toussaint ¤ 19 May 2005
Are the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) bound to respect the obligations expressed in the United Nations Charter, including the obligation to respect Human Rights? If it is true that as specialized institutions of the UN, they are independent for their operations, they must, however, respect Human Rights and common law in general. As a rule, it goes without saying that no international organization that claims to act as a subject of international law and to have an (...) read more


Types of Goods and Producers

Does Global Governance Ensure That the Global Public Interest Is Served?
¤ Joseph E. Stiglitz ¤ September 2006
Globalization implies the emergence and development of global public goods. The major problem in the current international economic system of governance without government is that no effective means exist for assembling the necessary resources for financing these global public goods. The needs of international bodies such as the IMF, World Bank and WTO have never been stronger, but confidence in them has never been weaker. Globalization is progressing, and it results in greater integration (...) read more


Conflict Resolution and Sustainable Peace Building

Forging a World of Liberty under Law: US National Security in the Twenty-first Century
¤ Anne-Marie Slaughter, G. John Ikenberry ¤ September 2006
This report outlines a new US security strategy for the decades to come. The basic objective of this strategy must be, for the authors, to protect the American people and the American way of life. This overarching goal should comprise three more specific aims: 1) a secure homeland, including protection against attacks on the American people and infrastructure, and against fatal epidemics; 2) a healthy global economy, which is essential for US prosperity and security; and 3) a benign (...) read more


Security, and Prevention of Terrorism and Militarism

A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility
¤ Secretary General’s High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change ¤ 2 December 2004
We live in a world of new and evolving threats, threats that could not have been anticipated when the UN was founded in 1945 - threats like nuclear terrorism, and states collapsing as a consequence of the witch’s brew of poverty, disease, and civil war. The erosion of the state’s capacity, anywhere in the world, weakens the protection of every state against transnational threats such as terrorism and organized crime. All states require international cooperation to make them secure. This (...) read more


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