Whenever you are in doubt, recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man. Gandhi Henceforth, our country should be the universe. Flora Tristan . . . for with freedom come responsibilities. Nelson Mandela Two dangers constantly threaten the world: order and disorder. Paul Valéry *

Theme: Human security

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state ¤ Federalism ¤ Geopolitics ¤ Violence management ¤ History ¤ Freedom ¤ Nationalism ¤ Rationalism ¤ Sovereignty ¤ Superpower ¤ Debt ¤ world-modernity ¤ Democratic cosmopolitarian movement ¤

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Articles in English related to this theme:


The Role of Armies, Disarmament, and Conversion

Europe needs a Grand Strategy
¤ Arnaud Blin ¤ 14 June 2015
Several weeks ago, Jean-Claude Juncker, the President of the European Commission, once again raised the idea of creating a European army. Arguing for the need to respond immediately to Putin’s affronts in Ukraine, Juncker went even further by underlining the effects that the construction of a common military structure could have on the future of Europe, on its security independence with regards to the United States, and on its capacity to project its heavy (...) read more

Beyond the Numbers
¤ Arzu Hatakoy, Ely Ratner, Jeff Colgan, Joel Sandhu, Katrin Kinzelbach, Liang Wang, Shixin Jiao, Zachary Wasserman ¤ 17 November 2011
The current framework of global nuclear governance is overly focused on numbers: numbers of nuclear weapons and numbers of nuclear states. While we readily accept the importance of this emphasis, we also believe that the problems of numbers are terribly difficult to resolve and are drawing attention and resources away from alternative efforts to contribute to nonproliferation and nuclear security. In Beyond the Numbers, we therefore seek to highlight alternative approaches to global nuclear (...) read more

World Governance of Civilian and Military Nuclear Energy
¤ François Géré ¤ 7 March 2010
Hell for humanity, bringer of peace and prosperity are the two sides of the nuclear coin. Managing them requires wisdom and foresight within a framework of good governance. Which begs the question: What is “good world governance of nuclear energy”? It simply means developing the nuclear-power industry in a way that ensures that the international community as a whole, and each individual member, live in peace and prosperity on our planet. This process implies taking into account the (...) read more

Bringing the Violence of War under Control in a Globalized World
¤ Jean-René Bachelet ¤ 30 September 2009
The most serious of all the dangers facing humanity at the outset of the 21st century is undoubtedly that which threatens its very survival. Since the end of the 20th century, we have entered into a transitional phase, with one crisis succeeding and overlapping the next: the financial crisis and accompanying economic crisis, affecting entire swathes of the banking and industrial systems and once again raising the specter of mass unemployment for those economies most tied into global (...) read more

The Armed Forces and World Governance
¤ Association Civisme Défense Armée Nation (CIDAN) ¤ 9 January 2009
In a world still dangerous and unstable, perhaps even increasingly so, the military of all countries have a major role to play for a better world governance. The use of armed forces, which are at the service of politicians and cannot solve conflicts on their own, should only be used as a last recourse after having tried determent and prevention. It should be restricted (to a minimum of necessary violence), short-lived, legitimate, and legal, and comply with the now well-established jus in (...) read more

Military Ethics for a Better World
¤ Jean-René Bachelet ¤ 19 August 2008
The Army is a state institution that possesses the force of weapons. Under what conditions is the use of armed force legitimate? The answer to this question lies in military ethics. For a soldier, working for a better world is to reconcile the occasional need to use force with the obligations of the principle of humanity. This principle states that all human beings belong to one same humankind, and every individual has an inalienable right to respect of his life, integrity, and dignity. (...) read more


Citizens’ Reappropriation of Politics

Reclaiming the ASEAN Community for the People
¤ ASEAN Civil Society Conference, ASEAN People’s Forum ¤ 21 April 2015
On the occasion of the forthcoming 26th ASEAN summit to be held in Kuala Lumpur and Langkawi, Malaysia, on April 24-28, 2015, we are publishing here the ASEAN Civil Society Conference and ASEAN People’s Forum statement, adopted previously as a result of a regional consultation. "We, the civil society of Southeast Asia, guided by the principles of human rights, democracy, good governance, rule of law, non-discrimination, substantive equality, progressiveness and non-retrogression, remain (...) read more

Global Democracy: Civil Society Visions and Strategies (G05) Conference Report
¤ Montréal International Forum ¤ 1 June 2005
Close to 400 participants from 45 countries gathered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from May 29 to June 1, 2005 for the Global Democracy: Civil Society Visions and Strategies (G05) Conference. Participants from civil society organizations—together with representatives of governments, private entities, and intergovernmental organizations— shared civil society perspectives on the key issues that determine the state of global democracy. They discussed how to democratize the international system of (...) read more


Rebuilding the Environmental Balance

For Climate Justice and a World Fit to Be Lived in
¤ Grupo Perú COP 20 ¤ 9 April 2014
In a spirit of solidarity, we call on all civil-society organizations, networks, social movements, research centers, and citizens in general to join in the Peoples’ Summit on Climate Change to be held from December 9 to 12, 2014. The Peoples’ Summit will be a major alternative event during the 20th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) scheduled for the first half of December in Lima, Peru. The agreements that will be adopted at both (...) read more


Legal Principles of a New World Governance

Global Governance and the Achievement of a Universal Civil Society
¤ Arnaud Blin ¤ 26 March 2014
I SUPPOSE men to have reached the point at which the obstacles in the way of their preservation in the state of nature show their power of resistance to be greater than the resources at the disposal of each individual for his maintenance in that state. That primitive condition can then subsist no longer; and the human race would perish unless it changed its manner of existence… But, as men cannot engender new forces, but only unite and direct existing ones, they have no other means of (...) read more

Universal Declaration of Emerging Human Rights
¤ 3 October 2012
The Universal Declaration of Emerging Human Rights (UDEHR) is a programmatic instrument of international civil society aimed at state actors and other institutional forums for the crystallization of human rights in the new millennium. The Declaration’s point of departure is the idea that civil society plays a fundamental role in facing the social, political, and technological challenges that contemporary global society presents. For this reason it is provided with the UDEHR, an additional (...) read more

The Emergence of Global Administrative Law
¤ Benedict Kingsbury, Nico Krisch, Richard B. Stewart ¤ 20 October 2010
Emerging patterns of global governance are being shaped by a little-noticed but important and growing body of global administrative law. In this article we begin the task of identifying some patterns of commonality and connection sufficiently deep and farreaching as to constitute an embryonic field of global administrative law. We point to some factors encouraging the development of common approaches, and to mechanisms of learning, borrowing, and cross-referencing, that are contributing to (...) read more

Giving Africa Voice within Global Governance: Oral History, Human Rights and the United Nations Human Rights Council
¤ Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni ¤ March 2007
This paper seeks to present three key arguments that need to be taken into account during the process of remaking of the world order and recreation of a new global governance architecture. Firstly, it raises the key issue of the African continent and the African people being perceived as a problem to be solved rather than a voice to be heard within global politics. It calls for the African continent to transcend its current ‘subaltern position’ in international relations and make its voice (...) read more


Document Database

Dictionary of World Power
¤ FnWG Team ¤ 27 September 2013
Since the end of the last century, the world has been facing a set of challenges that the existing institutions are unable to address and solve. This is a fact that has been confirmed over the last thirty years through a succession of all kinds of crises. Citizens have found that the beautiful ideal of freedom preached by free-market sycophants is just a facade set up to conceal the altar of greed. The Forum for a new World Governance explores these changes in this extensive work, only (...) read more

Swords into Plowshares
¤ James A. Yunker ¤ 4 June 2013
Using a simulation model, this research examines the potential impact of a very large-scale foreign development-assistance program (a “Global Marshall Plan”), financed largely from reallocation of military expenditure, on the future development of the world economy. The model’s key premise is that inequality among nations in per capita income is all or mostly due to differentials in generalized capital stocks. Generalized capital encompasses all reproducible primary factors of production other (...) read more

The Global Marshall Plan
¤ Network of Spiritual Progressives ¤ 31 May 2013
The Global Marshall Plan is a plan for all the world’s people to work in solidarity to eliminate poverty once and for all and to heal the environmental crisis. The Global Marshall Plan takes its name from the post-World War II Marshall Plan, a massive and successful project to provide aid to Western European countries—including Germany, which had been our antagonist in the war. Historians have debated how altruistic the plan was. Some argue that a large part of the motivation for the (...) read more

Proposal for a Charter of Universal Responsibilities
¤ 28 December 2011
Preamble We, Representatives of the Member States of the United Nations, gathered in Rio de Janeiro for the Earth Summit, June 2012 Recognizing 1- that the scope and irreversibility of the interdependences that have been generated among human beings, among societies, and between humankind and the biosphere constitute a radically new situation in the history of humankind, changing it irrevocably into a community of destiny; 2- that indefinite pursuit of current lifestyles and (...) read more

World Governance Index (WGI)
¤ FnWG Team, Renaud François ¤ 8 September 2011
Both a photograph and a means to induce action/reaction, the WGI has a twofold dimension. An analytical dimension—it tries to provide as true a reflection as possible of the state of world governance—and an operational dimension—it must enable players to act or to react in the direction of a more efficient, more democratic world governance more in phase with the environment. The index was designed mainly to offer political decision makers, whatever their level (national, regional or (...) read more

First Proposals for Building a New World-governance Architecture
¤ FnWG Team ¤ 25 June 2009
Although there have been a few attempts at building a new world governance, the latter has remained largely embryonic. It is nonetheless possible, in the vast open space of world governance, to move forward in great strides, even with limited means, precisely because there is plenty of space. Advancing proposals is a risky, but indispensable enterprise. The Proposal Papers that have so far been contributed to the Forum for a new World Governance are there as a way of daring to consider the (...) read more

WGI: World Governance Index (2009 Report)
¤ Renaud François ¤ 21 May 2009
You can see here the 2011 Report: * The main article (English) (Français) (Español) (中文) * The WGI document (English) (Français) * The WGI Map (English) (Français) (Español) (中文) Developing a new world governance constitutes one of the major challenges of our times, perhaps the most important of all. With this in view, the Forum for a new World Governance launched a number of research projects intended to draw up a roadmap and a set a framework for our work. World governance, though touching (...) read more

Inventing a New World Governance Now
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin ¤ 22 January 2009
After 2008, which revealed the huge financial imbalances connected to globalization, 2009 raised the curtain on the geopolitical instability characteristic of the contemporary world. The year 2008 came to a wretched end with the twofold Madoff-Bush debacle ensuing from the arrogance, incompetence, and blindness of the money mongers and politicians of the past 10 years. Already, 2009 has brought forth a conflict from another age, throwing us 60 years back with an umpteenth setback that, in a mere few weeks, has swept up thousand of victims, mostly civilians, in its (...) read more


Conflict Resolution and Sustainable Peace Building

The World March of Women Third International Action
¤ World March of Women ¤ 3 June 2013
The World March of Women (WMW) is an international feminist movement rooted in grassroots organisation. We believe in challenging the root of our poverty and our oppression by building solidarity amongst women and men through action. The year 2010 marked our 3rd International Action. Thousands of women across the globe marched under the slogan…”Women on the March Until we All are Free! The six texts represented here documents our 2010 Action. Starting with the Women’s Manifesto for Peace, (...) read more

Persistent corruption in low-income countries requires global action
¤ Transparency International ¤ 26 September 2007
The gap between the perceptions of the levels of corruption in rich countries and poor countries is always so clear: this is what emerges from the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2007 published by Transparency International. Developed countries and developing countries must share the responsibility in reducing corruption by cutting off both the supply and the demand for corruption. The Corruption Perceptions Index 2007 analyses the perceptions of the level of corruption in the public (...) read more

Forging a World of Liberty under Law: US National Security in the Twenty-first Century
¤ Anne-Marie Slaughter, G. John Ikenberry ¤ September 2006
This report outlines a new US security strategy for the decades to come. The basic objective of this strategy must be, for the authors, to protect the American people and the American way of life. This overarching goal should comprise three more specific aims: 1) a secure homeland, including protection against attacks on the American people and infrastructure, and against fatal epidemics; 2) a healthy global economy, which is essential for US prosperity and security; and 3) a benign (...) read more

Israel / Palestine: The New Peace Movement
¤ Yahia Said ¤ September 2003
An Israeli-Palestinian peace movement, new in kind, is emerging around the platform of two states and the rights of Israelis and Palestinians to live in dignity and security. Courageous individuals are trying to break the cycle of fear, humiliation, and incitement and are reaching out to partners on the other side. They are intent on filling the leadership vacuum left by the politicians. Their aim is to wrest the political agenda from the extremists and empower the majorities in both (...) read more

The Post-modern State
¤ Robert Cooper ¤ April 2002
The post-modern-state system has broken down national borders and rejected force for resolving disputes. The EU is the most developed example of this, but not the only one. On the other hand, the pre-modern state may be too weak even to secure its home territory, let alone pose a threat internationally, but can provide a base for non-state actors who are potentially dangerous to the post-modern world. Consequently, a new form of voluntary imperialism is needed for the world. The author (...) read more


Nature of Work and Globalization of Social Rights

A Bit Rich: Calculating the Real Value to Society of Different Professions
¤ New Economics Foundation ¤ 14 January 2013
Pay matters. How much you earn can determine your lifestyle, where you can afford to live, and your aspirations and status. But to what extent does what we get paid confer ‘worth’? Beyond a narrow notion of productivity, what impact does our work have on the rest of society, and do the financial rewards we receive correspond to this? Do those that get more contribute more to society? With controversial bonuses being paid out in Christmas in bailed-out banks, the authors believe that it is (...) read more

A Global Pension Plan
¤ Robin Blackburn ¤ October 2007
The universal, publicly financed old-age pension has been a popular and effective means for reducing poverty and extending social citizenship in all developed states. In the age of globalization it is right that this reliable and tested device for protecting the livelihood of the elderly should be installed at a planetary level, by means of a Global Pension paid at a modest rate to every older person, to be financed by a very modest tax on global financial transactions and corporate wealth. (...) read more

Decent Work as a Goal for the Global Economy
¤ Gerry Rodgers ¤ September 2007
The International Labour Organization (ILO) has drawn up a new concept: decent work for all. Decent work has four dimensions: the nature of the work and employment in question; the ability to exercise employment rights; safety; and the capacity for employer representation and dialogue. The concept of “work” aims to reach beyond that of a mere paid job position, to cover all occupational diversity from freelance work to the domestic work carried out by a housewife without receiving payment (...) read more

Basic Food Income: Option or Obligation?
¤ Rolf Künnemann ¤ January 2005
Basic food income is a universal payment by the state unconditionally to each member of society with an amount sufficient to cover elementary food needs. It is not a level of income but a state program, by definition. Minimum income describes a certain level of income, but may not be sufficient to provide access to food. Basic food income is an innovative idea. State programs can introduce "smart forms" of targeting. Indeed, how should the human right to food be guaranteed to households (...) read more


World Governance Index

The Five WGI Indicators
¤ FnWG Team, Renaud François ¤ 27 December 2011
Peace and Security indicator The Peace and Security indicator is broken down into two sub-indicators: the National Security sub-indicator and the Public Security sub-indicator. The National Security sub-indicator comprises: Conflicts, Refugees and Asylum Seekers, and Displaced Persons. The Public Security sub-indicator comprises: Political Climate, Degree of Trust among Citizens, Violent Crime, and Homicides per 100,000 Inhabitants. Rule of Law indicator Rule of law, as it is studied (...) read more

The World Governance Index (WGI)
¤ FnWG Team, Renaud François ¤ 23 December 2011
The Forum for a new World Governance (FnWG) launched the World Governance Index - WGI project in 2008. The idea was to develop a “tool” that would allow the players in charge of governance to be aware of the emerging issues and problems, and to help them to find the necessary solutions. The paper “Rethinking Global Governance” defines the general objectives of this effort—to reduce inequalities, establish sustainable development, and build peace in a world of diversity—and frames some (...) read more

Map of the WGI
¤ Renaud François ¤ 23 December 2011
To get detailed results, click on the countries or select the desired name of the country or territory in the drop-down menu on the right. You can zoom in if necessary. The WGI has been published for 2011 and 2008. You can select the publication year of the index in the drop-down menu on the left. When you click on a country, you also get the country graph under the map. read more


Environmental Governance and Managing the Earth

Proposals for a Fair and Democratic Architecture of Power
¤ Arnaud Blin, Cândido Grzybowski, Gustavo Marin, Jorge Romano, Ricardo Jiménez ¤ 24 December 2011
Building new governance is not only an institutional or theoretical question confined to the political or sociological spheres. All governance proposals and plans depend on the action and mobilization of a huge majority of people, actors, movements and populations. This is a critical issue. And ideas and proposals play a crucial role in such action and mobilization. This is why we need to remodel governance architecture by incorporating it into the perspective of biocivilization for the (...) read more

Rethinking and Changing World Governance
¤ Gustavo Marin ¤ 30 September 2011
See also: The Workshop Video on the Workshop September 3, 2011 following on from the Biocivilization for the Sustainability of Life and the Planet Rio de Janeiro, 10-12 August 2011* Contents Rethinking and changing world governance Actors: their relations, their contradictions 1. Transnational corporations (TNCs) 2. The state →dialectic between society and the state → role of the UN → China 3. People, communities, civil society, and a new relationship with nature 4. Local (...) read more


Regulating the Public and the Private Economy

Regulating Transnational Companies: 46 Proposals
¤ William Bourdon, Yann Queinnec ¤ 20 December 2011
This Proposal Paper hopes to provide an explanation of the constraints and a series of proposals for a system for the regulation of transnational companies (TNCs). This requires us to first set out the fundamental obstacles that make the question of regulating the activities of TNCs so problematic. The crisis in the financial system that has hit economies worldwide has demonstrated the importance of regulating for-profit private and public transnational actors. The difficulties states have (...) read more


The Architecture of World Governance

Moving Toward a New World Governance
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin, Michel Rocard ¤ 6 July 2010
We are incontestably in a period in which we have broken away from a now vanished former order—insofar as “order” can apply to the Cold War—a period in which the world is seeking a new architecture of the world governance, seeking, in short, a governance yet to be found, that will be capable of apprehending the moment’s problems, anticipating tomorrow’s crises, and writing day-after-tomorrow’s history. In other words, seeking a governance system adapted to a henceforth globalized world, a “world (...) read more

The UN: Which Reforms for What Future?
¤ Stéphanie Ah Tchou ¤ 20 January 2009
The UN is currently under a lot of criticism. Upbraided and disparaged, the body that conveyed so much hope is now being berated. There is abundant literature on its subject, not to praise it but to point out its weaknesses, to the point of challenging its very existence. How did this come to happen? Is such reproach warranted? How should the UN be reformed? What is its future? Should it really be abolished? This file contains info sheets organized according to a number of different (...) read more

Rethinking Global Governance
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin ¤ 2 January 2008
After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, there are some who believe that the future of architecture of global politics will require setting up a global-governance system. The global-governance issue is characterized by the shift from a scenario where the power of the states is regulated to avoid disequilibrium and maintain the status quo, to one where international law and the role of international institutions need to be redefined in terms of their real arbitration potential in the (...) read more


Concepts

Global Governance
¤ Wikipedia ¤ 5 August 2009
(Also available at wikicoredem) Global governance is the political interaction of transnational actors aimed at solving problems that affect more than one state or region when there is no power of enforcing compliance. The question of world governance arises in the context of what is known as globalization. In response to the acceleration of interdependences on a worldwide scale, both between human societies and between humankind and the biosphere, world governance designates regulations intended for the global (...) read more


Political and Institutional Governance

Political and Institutional Governance
¤ Germà Pelayo ¤ 24 September 2008
This file contains a series of discussions and proposals formulated in recent years around the political and institutional dimension of global governance. They have been categorized according to four themes: the architecture of global governance; new roles of the state and territorial scales; reappropiation by citizens of politics; and legal principles for a new global governance. Globalization, in these first years of the twenty-first century, is an irreversible fact, consolidated in all (...) read more


Sustainable Development and the Humanity-Biosphere Relationship

What Brazil and What Amazonia Does the World Need?
¤ Cândido Grzybowski ¤ 21 May 2008
Facing the threat of a world organized by relations that destroy life and generate exclusion, inequalities, and violence, we need to think about how to build a fair, global society rooted in both diversity and solidarity. From the standpoint of Brazil, an emerging global power, but threatened by a huge social divide, and from that of Amazonia, the planet’s lung, which the market in its blindness is seeking to possess and wipe out, this paper sets out a few proposals for change base on the (...) read more

Negative Growth or Sustainable Development?
¤ Guillaume Duval ¤ 5 December 2004
Extreme-climate instances are on the increase, waste is accumulating, groundwater is running out or is polluted, oil is going to become scarce, and controlling it is the cause of increasingly violent conflicts, whether in Iraq or in Chechnya. At the same time, the capacity of the current economic system to meet social needs is increasingly disputed. Global inequalities are becoming deeper, and if part of Asia is coming out of underdevelopment, it is doing so by adopting a lifestyle that (...) read more


Types of Goods and Producers

PMCs, Human Security and Global Governance in Global Public Sphere
¤ Kato Akira ¤ 26 March 2008
In analyzing the reasons why these non-state actors have been appearing in global political scene particularly since the end of the cold war, this essay considers their impacts on the traditional international security system, and the prospects of whether they are conducive to giving birth to human security in global public sphere. The author will try to grasp important issues in public security such postmodern terrorism, organized crimes, ethnic struggles, religious conflicts and so on, (...) read more

The Right to Water as a Human Right
¤ Michael Windfuhr ¤ September 2003
Over the last two years, the right to water has received considerable attention both within the United Nations human rights system as well as within the work of non-governmental organizations. On the whole, the debate surrounding the content of obligations derived from the right to water is still in its early stages. Nevertheless, important progress has been made. The committee on economic, social, and cultural (ESC) rights derives the right to water as much from the right to food as from (...) read more


Security, and Prevention of Terrorism and Militarism

A European Way of Security. The Madrid Report on the Human Security Study Group
¤ Mary Kaldor (Conv.) ¤ November 2007
The European Union should relaunch its foreign and security policy in the wake of the proposed Reform Treaty by declaring its commitment to principles of human security governing the deployment of military and civilian forces in external interventions, suggests the Madrid Report of the Human Security Study Group launched on 08 November 2007. Entitled "A European Way of Security," the report urges EU member states to support a new framework for the European Security and Defense Policy (...) read more

A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility
¤ Secretary General’s High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change ¤ 2 December 2004
We live in a world of new and evolving threats, threats that could not have been anticipated when the UN was founded in 1945 - threats like nuclear terrorism, and states collapsing as a consequence of the witch’s brew of poverty, disease, and civil war. The erosion of the state’s capacity, anywhere in the world, weakens the protection of every state against transnational threats such as terrorism and organized crime. All states require international cooperation to make them secure. This (...) read more

The Cosmopolitan State
¤ Ulrich Beck ¤ January 2001
The global terrorist threat is part of the risk society and blurs the distinction between internal and external security. Ulrich Beck concludes that in order to be able to deal with their national problems, today’s states have to de-nationalize and transnationalize themselves. Terrorism operating on a global scale has opened a new chapter in world risk society. A clear distinction must be made between the attack itself and the terrorist threat that becomes universal as a result. The global (...) read more


Trade, Money, and Finances

Global Calling-for-help Center
¤ Youth Innovation Competition on Global Governance ¤ May 2007
In the world there is a large number of local communities facing poverty problems that they cannot solve on their own. Existing institutions can only help a small percentage of these communities. There are many people in the world willing to offer their assistance, but they cannot find the proper places to offer their help because of the limits in information. At the moment, there is no mechanism that can connect people willing to give their help and people in need of help. The Global (...) read more


Managing Sea, Soil, and Energy Resources

The Water Manifesto for a New Global Contract
¤ World Water Assembly for Citizen and Elected People ¤ August 2006
Following the release of Riccardo Petrella’s "Water Manifesto," a series of meetings were organized in Lisbon around the issue of access to water in the world. These meetings led to the writing of a manifesto for a world contract on water. Since then, the text has become a reference for all movements acting or wishing to act to promote access to water. We come from Africa, Latin America, North America, Asia, and Europe. We gathered together in l998 with no other legitimacy or (...) read more


Managing Territories, Cities, and the Rural World

Thirty years of Habitat I: no more neoliberal model of cities!
¤ Mariella Tornago ¤ 23 June 2006
Thirty years after the first Habitat I world summit held in Vancouver, we, citizens of the world, have witnessed the manifest deterioration of our living conditions and unalienable rights. After all these years, not one of the objectives or goals has been even partially achieved: 15% of the world population is subjected to forced eviction caused by foreign investments in indebted countries or in countries undergoing the transition towards a market economy (Karachi, Bombay, New Delhi, (...) read more


The New Roles of States and Territorial Scales

For Global Reform, a Social Democratic Approach to Globalization
¤ Groupe de réflexion «Europe-Mondialisation» ¤ 26 September 2002
This document is an attempt to formulate an approach of European socialists to globalisation, with a view to opening up a debate between political players and citizens. It is based on the discussions conducted within the past ten months in a think tank primarily consisting of elected European socialists and representatives of a certain number of civil society organizations. Far from being final, this contribution must help to stimulate future debate in a direction permitting the preparation (...) read more


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