Do what is right. Rosa Parks Two dangers constantly threaten the world: order and disorder. Paul Valéry The world is for the public good, such is the Great Way. Confucius Henceforth, our country should be the universe. Flora Tristan *

Theme: International Law

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Articles in English related to this theme:


Environmental Governance and Managing the Earth

Could the COP 21 be our next Westphalian Moment?
¤ Arnaud Blin ¤ 5 December 2015
As the COP 21 is in full throttle, let me reflect briefly on a unique historical event that in some ways resembled the predicament we find ourselves in today. One might call it the “Westphalian Moment.” To disparage any misunderstanding, let me first make a distinction between this and what has been known as the Westphalian Order, whose revival I am not advocating in the least sense. The Westphalian Order that came about at the end of the Thirty Year War in 1648 and died a century ago in (...) read more

Rio+20: Failed Diplomacy, Feeble Democracy
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 18 July 2012
The Rio de Janeiro experience has left us with a planet-sized headache. It brought together tens of thousands of people and almost a hundred heads of state to adopt a 50-page, take-it-or-leave-it declaration that repeats commitments made long ago and not kept, taking care to include all the buzz words of a liturgy now emptied of all meaning: the role of women and civil society, rights, the importance of democracy and popular participation, not to mention indigenous people, some of whom were (...) read more

Rio+20 and Beyond. No Future without Justice
¤ Civil Society Reflection Group on Global Development ¤ 22 January 2012
Over the last 20 years, little has been done to change patterns of production and consumption that pollute, erode biodiversity and lead to climate change, while commitments to human rights and gender justice have not been fulfilled. We are facing societal and ecological disaster. The State can respond quickly to this, if based on democratic legitimacy and accountability. In times of growing global interrelationship between societies, economies and people, universally agreed principles are (...) read more

Proposals for a New World Governance
¤ FnWG Team ¤ 16 July 2011
Working Paper for the International Workshop Biocivilization for the Sustainability of Life and the Planet in the run-up to the Rio+20 Conference Rio de Janeiro, 9 to 12 August 2011 Which architecture of power is needed, from the local to global level? How should we organize? How can we organize in a fair and sustainable manner? How can we govern effectively? These deceptively simple questions have been troubling philosophers, jurists and theologians since the dawn of time. These (...) read more

The Challenge of Environmental Governance
¤ Germà Pelayo ¤ 3 December 2009
The United Nations Climate Summit (Copenhagen, December 7-18, 2009) is our last chance to obtain an indispensable agreement to renew and deepen the Kyoto Protocol, which runs to 2012 and has turned out to be insufficient to deal with the disastrous evolution of climate change, with environmental deterioration now worse, in some cases, than the most ominous forecasts. In the lead-up the summit, the heads of the main industrial powers, including for the first time China, have entered into a (...) read more


Migrations

Marrakech Process for the Protection and Promotion of All Human Rights of Migrants and Persons in Transnational Mobility
¤ 18 December 2014
Having gathered on November 29, 2014 in the city of Marrakech in the Thematic Forum on Migration “at the crossroads of experiences and perspectives”, organized as part of the 2nd World Forum on Human Rights; Being encouraged by the active high-quality participation of various stakeholders (national bodies for human rights, national and international state institutions responsible for migration affairs, United Nations agencies, researchers and academics, representatives of migrants’ (...) read more


Legal Principles of a New World Governance

The Future of Democratic Sovereignty and Transnational Law
¤ Seyla Benhabib ¤ 8 September 2014
This essay examines the rise of legal cosmopolitanism in the period since the UDHR of 1948 as it gives rise to two very distinct sets of literature and preoccupations. The author argues that transnational human rights norms strengthen rather than weaken democratic sovereignty. read more

Fourteen misconceptions about extraterritorial human rights obligations
¤ Rolf Künnemann ¤ 26 July 2014
Human rights are the foundation of modern international law. in our days international and transnational economic and political decisions deeply affect the wellbeing of people far away from the respective decision makers. over the past 20 years some areas of international law have developed – often against broad protests of civil society activists - that are in conflict with human rights. For states – and the human rights community - to address these legal and (...) read more

The Emergence of Global Administrative Law
¤ Benedict Kingsbury, Nico Krisch, Richard B. Stewart ¤ 20 October 2010
Emerging patterns of global governance are being shaped by a little-noticed but important and growing body of global administrative law. In this article we begin the task of identifying some patterns of commonality and connection sufficiently deep and farreaching as to constitute an embryonic field of global administrative law. We point to some factors encouraging the development of common approaches, and to mechanisms of learning, borrowing, and cross-referencing, that are contributing to (...) read more


Rebuilding the Environmental Balance

For Climate Justice and a World Fit to Be Lived in
¤ Grupo Perú COP 20 ¤ 9 April 2014
In a spirit of solidarity, we call on all civil-society organizations, networks, social movements, research centers, and citizens in general to join in the Peoples’ Summit on Climate Change to be held from December 9 to 12, 2014. The Peoples’ Summit will be a major alternative event during the 20th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) scheduled for the first half of December in Lima, Peru. The agreements that will be adopted at both (...) read more

After Copenhagen, Some Light on the Horizon
Henceforth, the Keys to the Future are Responsibility, Solidarity, and Courage

¤ Arnaud Blin ¤ 14 January 2010
What climate warming does is expose the ineptitude of our world-governance system in broad daylight, where Copenhagen was no more than a theatrical production, making us forget a truth, albeit blatant, which is that “world governance” remains fatally attached to the old principles of international relations that have been in force for centuries and, despite their being totally inadequate for our current context, are still governing the world today. 2009 is over, and here we are in 2010: it’s (...) read more


Citizens’ Reappropriation of Politics

For a Democratic Cosmopolitarian Movement
¤ Jean Rossiaud ¤ 14 March 2013
The world ecological crisis and the inability of the international system of states to respond to it demonstrate that the human condition is now universal; more so than ever before. It is driving humanity (“the human race” or “humankind”) to think of itself today as a world community, to form itself into a world society and, like a world nation, to defend its survival and its future collectively. Humanity is however struggling to see itself as a world community. Consciousness of sharing a (...) read more

Non-state Actors and World Governance
¤ Pierre Calame ¤ 2 June 2008
Non-state actors have always played an essential role in global regulation, but their role will grow considerably in this, the beginning of the twenty-first century. Non-state actors play a key role in world governance in different domains. For a better understanding and development of the role of non-state actors, this role should be studied in conjunction with the general principles of governance. A- Non-state actors have always played an essential role in global regulation, but (...) read more

Civil Society and the Legitimation of Global Governance
¤ Jan Aart Scholte ¤ March 2007
Along with the general intensification of the globalization of social relations in contemporary history, has come an unprecedented expansion of regulatory apparatuses covering planetary jurisdictions and constituencies. On the whole, however, this global governance remains weak relative to the pressing current needs for global public policy. Shortfalls in moral standing, legal foundations, material delivery, democratic credentials, and charismatic leadership have together generated large (...) read more


Document Database

After Rio+20: What New World Governance Does the World Need?
¤ Gustavo Marin ¤ 16 August 2012
There has already been a good deal of post-Rio+20 articles. A large majority of them have expressed discontentment, disappointment, the evidence of failure foretold, the inadequacy of the governments’ final declaration, etc. Some of these articles, digging deeper, have not stopped at establishing that the governments were not able to reach an agreement equal to the challenges of the major global problems and have gone on to mention that the Conference of the United Nations exposed a crisis (...) read more

Proposal for a Charter of Universal Responsibilities
¤ 28 December 2011
Preamble We, Representatives of the Member States of the United Nations, gathered in Rio de Janeiro for the Earth Summit, June 2012 Recognizing 1- that the scope and irreversibility of the interdependences that have been generated among human beings, among societies, and between humankind and the biosphere constitute a radically new situation in the history of humankind, changing it irrevocably into a community of destiny; 2- that indefinite pursuit of current lifestyles and (...) read more

Inventing a New World Governance Now
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin ¤ 22 January 2009
After 2008, which revealed the huge financial imbalances connected to globalization, 2009 raised the curtain on the geopolitical instability characteristic of the contemporary world. The year 2008 came to a wretched end with the twofold Madoff-Bush debacle ensuing from the arrogance, incompetence, and blindness of the money mongers and politicians of the past 10 years. Already, 2009 has brought forth a conflict from another age, throwing us 60 years back with an umpteenth setback that, in a mere few weeks, has swept up thousand of victims, mostly civilians, in its (...) read more


Regulating the Public and the Private Economy

Regulating Transnational Companies: 46 Proposals
¤ William Bourdon, Yann Queinnec ¤ 20 December 2011
This Proposal Paper hopes to provide an explanation of the constraints and a series of proposals for a system for the regulation of transnational companies (TNCs). This requires us to first set out the fundamental obstacles that make the question of regulating the activities of TNCs so problematic. The crisis in the financial system that has hit economies worldwide has demonstrated the importance of regulating for-profit private and public transnational actors. The difficulties states have (...) read more


Governance of Peace, Security, and Conflict Resolution

Choosing between Two Evils or Rethinking Armed Interventionism
¤ Germà Pelayo ¤ 11 July 2011
Are the NATO bombings in Libya justified? This intervention, meant to help rebel troops advance and to neutralize Gaddafi and allegedly seeking to minimize civilian deaths, is producing the very opposite of the hoped-for effect by prolonging the war indefinitely. Once again, society is forced to make an unhappy choice between two evils: all-too-real national dictatorships, and Atlanticist interventionism (as well as possible future interventionism from other powers). When will we finally (...) read more


Sustainable Development and the Humanity-Biosphere Relationship

China Sustainable Development Strategy Report 2011. Greening the Economic Transformation
¤ CAS Sustainable Development Strategy Study Group, CHEN Shaofeng, 王毅 Wang Yi ¤ 9 May 2011
The world is in the most crucial period of transition in the 21st century, in which the future of human civilization will depend on our choice today. China has become the second largest economy in the world and, in terms of both its size and achievements, has increasingly deep impact on global socio-economic development and pattern. In the meantime, the rising China has been facing more and more international conflicts and development issues. In the context of changing global circumstances, (...) read more

China: Sustainable Development Strategy Report 2009
¤ 王毅 Wang Yi ¤ 27 August 2009
Climate change has become the most significant environment and development challenge to human society in the twenty-first century. Responding to climate change is the core task to achieve global sustainable development, both for today and for a rather long period of time from today. International negotiations on prevention of global warming and related actions not only concern the human living environment, but also have a direct impact on the modernization process of developing (...) read more


Managing Sea, Soil, and Energy Resources

Low-carbon Economy and Sustainable Development
¤ German Advisory Council on Global Change - Wissenchaftlicher Beirat des Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen (WBGU), The German Development Institute - Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) ¤ 12 April 2011
The German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) will present its latest flagship report, “World in Transition: A Social Contract for a Great Transformation”, to Annette Schavan, Federal Minister of Education and Research, and Federal Environment Minister Norbert Röttgen today. In this report, the WBGU explains the reasons for the urgent need for a ‚post fossil-nuclear metabolism‘. It also concludes that the transition to sustainability is achievable, and presents ten concrete packages of (...) read more

Oil slicks: An Ocean of Profits
¤ Roseline Vachetta ¤ 19 December 2002
If there is a sector which, both in its organization and in its results, can be seen as the poster child for capitalist globalization, it must be maritime transportation. Roseline Vachetta, a member of the Regional Policy Committee for Transport and Tourism at the European Parliament, discusses this issue here. There are some “trash-container” ships which concentrate all the ingredients and all the opacity of capitalist globalization. For example, in the case of the Prestige, we find: an (...) read more


Concepts

Environmental Governance
¤ Wikipedia ¤ 3 January 2011
(Also available at wikicoredem) Environmental governance is a concept in political ecology or environmental policy related to defining the elements needed to achieve sustainability. All human activities—political, social and economic—should be understood and managed as subsets of the environment and ecosystems. Governance includes not only government, but also business and civil society, and emphasizes whole system management. To capture this diverse range of dynamic forces, Environmental governance often necessitates founding alternative systems of governing, for example watershed based (...) read more


The Architecture of World Governance

Moving Toward a New World Governance
¤ Arnaud Blin, Gustavo Marin, Michel Rocard ¤ 6 July 2010
We are incontestably in a period in which we have broken away from a now vanished former order—insofar as “order” can apply to the Cold War—a period in which the world is seeking a new architecture of the world governance, seeking, in short, a governance yet to be found, that will be capable of apprehending the moment’s problems, anticipating tomorrow’s crises, and writing day-after-tomorrow’s history. In other words, seeking a governance system adapted to a henceforth globalized world, a “world (...) read more


Agriculture, and Food Security and Sovereingty

Governance of the World Banana Trade
¤ Iain Farquhar ¤ 16 October 2009
With liberalisation of the global banana market and more intense price competition, it has become increasingly difficult for small producers to survive, while large intensive operations which can keep costs down by paying particularly poor wages and disregarding environmental controls tend to be favoured. Consequently, if the aim of governance should be to manage the planet sustainably, then current patterns of governance are clearly failing. This paper will concentrate on those producers, (...) read more

Building Consensus on Food Safety Programs among Consumer and Public Health Organizations
¤ Safe Food International ¤ 17 September 2009
The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) a non-profit consumer advocacy group is collaborating with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to organize an international meeting of consumer and public health groups from around the world to develop a common vision of food safety. This project is called Safe Food International (SFI). With the globalization of the world’s food supply, food contamination knows no borders. Due to innovations (...) read more

People’s Food Sovereignty Statement
¤ People’s Food Sovereignty Network ¤ November 2007
Food and agriculture are fundamental to all peoples, in terms of both production and availability of sufficient quantities of safe and healthy food, and as foundations of healthy communities, cultures and environments. All of these are being undermined by the increasing emphasis on neo-liberal economic policies promoted by leading political and economic powers. This statement contains alternative proposals, in favour of the peoples’ needs. Instead of securing food for the peoples of the (...) read more


Economic Governance and Globalization

Moving Closer toward an International Standard on Corporate Social Responsibility
¤ 6th ISO Working Group on Social Responsibility ¤ 17 September 2009
The sixth ISO Working Group on Social Responsibility meeting held in Santiago, Chile at the beginning of September 2008, concluded successfully with the consumer group maintaining the need to protect consumer and environmental issues, and moving the debate to the national level whilst, keeping the multi-stakeholder approach. The issues under discussion were the recognition of the precautionary principle for environmental issues and consumers. This supports the need to protect consumers (...) read more


The Role of Armies, Disarmament, and Conversion

The Armed Forces and World Governance
¤ Association Civisme Défense Armée Nation (CIDAN) ¤ 9 January 2009
In a world still dangerous and unstable, perhaps even increasingly so, the military of all countries have a major role to play for a better world governance. The use of armed forces, which are at the service of politicians and cannot solve conflicts on their own, should only be used as a last recourse after having tried determent and prevention. It should be restricted (to a minimum of necessary violence), short-lived, legitimate, and legal, and comply with the now well-established jus in (...) read more


Trade, Money, and Finances

Alternative Finances
¤ Susan George ¤ January 2007
Now is the time to rediscover John Maynard Keynes’s revolutionary ideas for the organization of international trade and adapt them to re-balance finances in the world’s economies of the twenty-first century. The economist John Maynard Keynes came to the postwar table with an innovative project for the future of world trade, which he called the International Trade Organization (ITO), supported by an international central bank, the International Clearing Union (ICU). The ICU was meant to issue (...) read more


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